Aretha Louise Franklin (March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American singer, songwriter, and pianist. Although known for her soul recordings and referred to as the Queen of Soul, Franklin was also adept at jazz, blues, R&B, gospel music, and rock.

Rolling Stone magazine ranked her atop its "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" list,[1] as well as the ninth greatest artist of all time. She has won 18 Grammys and received two honorary Grammys. She has 20 No.1 singles on the Billboard R&B Singles Chart and two No.1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100: "Respect" (1967) and "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (1987), a duet with George Michael. Since 1961, she has scored a total of 45 Top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100. Between 1967 and 1982 she had 10 No.1 R&B albums—more than any other female artist. In 1987, Franklin became the first female artist to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.


  • Vocals
  • Piano



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One of the best known and most popular Soul and R&B singers, though she's sung songs in just about every genre you can think of. She's had pop hit after pop hit and consistently crosses over on the charts. She's was very respected in the field.





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  1. "100 Greatest Singers of All Time". Rolling Stone (1066): 73. November 27, 2008. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
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