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Carlo Maria Giulini (BarlettaApulia9 may 1914 – Brescia14 June 2005) was an Italian conductor and violist.


[hide]*1 early life

Life Course[Edit][]

Giulini was born in the South-East of Italy (Barletta in Apulia) as a son of a timber merchant. However, he grew up in the North of the country, in the Dolomitesin Bolzano , a city which, thanks to the border adjustments after the first world war was no longer the Austrian Bozen. Giulini's family was Italian in a predominantly German speaking region, which explains his skill in both languages. Possible it is also an explanation for Giulini's shared devotion to Italian operas and German symphonies.

As the first musical experience he heard an itinerant Gypsy on his violin playing. He asked it prompt a violin for his birthday. A local music teacher gave him a recommendation for the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia in Rome, where he swapped the violin for the Viola. By the time he was 18, he was going to play on a professional basis for the local Augusteo Orchestra. He started a group of musicians to gather around him and got his first experience as a conductor, while he could watch the art of the great masters behind the lectern of the Augusteo Orchestra. Later he studied with Bernardino Molinari the art of conducting. [1]

Giulini worked from 1946 to 1951 at the RAI for the radio in Milan, where he ensured that various unknown opera's revived, including works by Alessandro ScarlattiArturo Toscanini heard a production of Il mondo della luna by Haydn, which later led him to Giulini was recommending as Music Director at La Scala, a position he held from 1953 to 1956.

In 1958, Giulini conducted a production of Verdi's Don Carlos at the Royal Opera HouseCovent Garden that much. In the 1960s he was in great demand as a guest conductor with all major orchestras around the world, and made numerous recordings that were well received, as with the Philharmonia Orchestra from London.

After 1968 Giulini the opera gave up because he wanted to concentrate on orchestral works. He was the principal guest conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestrafrom 1969 to 1978, and was appointed as Music Director of the Vienna Symphony in 1973. From 1978 to 1984, he served as principal conductor and Music Director of theLos Angeles Philharmonic, where he began his employment with the implementation of the Ninth Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven. In 1982 he returned once more back to the opera, conducting a controversial production of Verdi's Falstaff .

Giulini died at the age of 91 in BresciaItaly.

Giulini was known as a very modest and amiable man, wars of Star ways or dictatorial tendencies. Convince conducting was for him not to impose. In addition, he was a very religious man: until his death he remained a devout Catholic. Music was a vital moral force for Giulini, an expression of love and hope.


Giulini's most notable opera recordings are the versions of Le Nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni by Mozart from 1959 with the Philharmonia Choir and Orchestra for EMI, and his 1955 recording of Verdi's La traviatawith Maria Callas and the Requiem. Other notable recordings are La Mer and Nocturnes by DebussyDvořák's 9th Symphony , and the sixth by Tchaikovsky with the Philharmonia Orchestra, Mussorgsky's pictures at an exhibitionBrahms ' Symphony No. 4 and Mahler's 1st and 9th Symphony with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Beethoven's 3rd and 5th Symphony, and Schumann's 3rd Symphony with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Mahler's Das Lied von der Erde with the Berlin Philharmonic, the four symphonies of Brahms, Bruckner's seventh, eighth and Ninth Symphony with the Vienna Philharmonic, and finallyDvořák's 7th and 8th Symphony with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam. Most of these recordings was made for Deutsche Grammophon.

Giulini's later recordings are characterized by often very slow tempi, a rich, penetrating strings sound and a great structural clarity, with the narrative and personal way for almost abstract musical statements.

Giulini is widely regarded as one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century.

Awards and honours[Edit][]

Gramophone Award

Grammy Award for best choral performance

  • 1981 MozartRequiem; Norbert Balatsch (choirmaster)/Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus

Grammy Award for best classical album

Grammy Award for best album recorded

Grammy Award for best instrumental performance by a soloist;

Grammy Award for best orchestral performance


  1. Up "Carlo Maria Giulini Obituary", The Guardian, 16 Jun 2005.
  2. Up 1981 Gramophone Awards. (11 Jan 2007)

External links[Edit][]