Carlos Gardel ToulouseFrance (december 11, 1890[1MedellínColombia24 June 1935) was a prominent figure in the history of the Argentine tango.Although his birthplace is disputed, he lived in his youth in Argentina and he is from 1923 Argentine citizen. He died in a plane crash on top of his fame, which led to an image of a tragic hero throughout Latin America. For many, Gardel embodies the soul of the tango style from Buenos Aires at the end of the19th century.

Gardel is also referred to as "El zorzal criollo (the creolse Nightingale)", "Carlitos", "the King of Tango" and ironically as "El Mudo" (the mute).

Gardels musicality expressed itself through his sonorous baritone voice and the many hundreds of miniature masterpieces of three-minute tangos which he also took up. Along with text writer Alfredo Le Pera , Gardel wrote several classic tangos such as: Mi Buenos Aires queridoCuesta abajoAmores de estudianteSoledadVolverPor una Cabeza and El día que me quieras.


[hide]*1 Career


[1]A statue of Carlos Gardel at the Abasto Market inBuenos Airesthe Buenos Aires, near the place where he grew up.[2]

Gardel began his career in pubs and on private parties, and sang a large repertoire together with Francisco Martinoand later in a trio with Martino and José Razzano. Gardel created the tango-canción in 1917 (the tango-song) by his depiction of Pascual Contursi and Samuel Castriota's Mi Noche Triste. The record sold 100,000 PCs and was a hit throughout Latin America. Gardel went on tour through ArgentinaUruguayChileBrazilPuerto RicoVenezuelaColombia, and performed in BarcelonaMadridParis and New York. He sold in the first three months of a visit to Paris in 1928 70,000 plates. When his popularity grew, he made a number of films for Paramount in France and the United States.While sentimental films such as El día que me quieras and Cuesta abajo lack lasting dramatic value, they were an excellent showcase of his tremendous singing talent and.

In 1915 Carlos Gardel would have been injured after him was shot by Che Guevara's father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch, because of a brawl in a chic café in thePalais de Glace in the Recoletadistrict of Buenos Aires. A version assumes that he was shot in the chest or in the leg, and another version States that the shooter does not Che's father was but Roberto Guevara, a man from the upper class that often would be embroiled in fights. [2]

Death and afterwards[Edit]Edit

Gardel died in 1935 by a plane crash in MedellínColombia. Also Le Pera, the duo consisting of his guitarists (Guillermo Desiderio Barbieri and Ángel Domingo Riverol) and various business partners and friends of the group died in the crash. [3a third guitarist, José María Aguilar, a few days after the crash would have died. [3others claim that Aguilar was still alive until 1951, although he never regained full use his hands and eyes. [4[5]

Millions of fans mourning throughout Latin America. When Gardels remains were transferred from New York to Colombia via Rio de Janeiro ran to hordes of supporters hope to give him the last pay tribute. Also during the two days that his body was lying in State in Montevideo (where his mother lived) brought many their condolences. Gardels body is buried in La Chacarita Cemetery in Buenos Aires. In 2003, in Abasto, a neighbourhood in Buenos Aires, in the former home of Gardel and his mother a museum opened.

Gardel is still honored. A popular saying in Latin America, that as testimony of his continued popularity is used, is that "Gardel sings better every day". Between the fingers of the life-size image of Gardel in tuxedo, does almost daily admirer called a lit cigarette. Another commonly used phrase in Latin pronunciation which States that Veinte años no es nada (twenty years is nothing), comes from his song Volver .

Controversy over the birthplace[Edit]Edit

The place where Gardel was said to have been born is controversial. [6and causes much debate in Uruguay, Argentina and France.

According to some, Gardel born in the town of Valle Edén in the Uruguayan region Tacuarembó. This theory is sustained by its registration for the Argentine citizenship in which he claimed to be of Uruguayan origin, and by semi-burned Passport on his body was found at his death, which contains Tacuarembó as place of birth. However, there is also the speculation that Gardel just Tacuarembó as the birthplace to evade military service would have given up in France during the first world war, which would suggest that he would be born in France.

Written sources however seem to indicate that Gardel was born as Charles Romuald Gardès in ToulouseFrance, as a child of an illegal father and Berthe Gardès (1865-1943), which would have brought him initially to Venezuela (after which they themselves returned to France because they could find no outlet for her homemade hats), and later to Argentina, when Gardel was 27 months old. An original French birth certificate is in the possession of Gilbert MameryPuerto Rican, radio celebrity and a pupil of Gardel. Also the holographic last will (testament) by Gardel claims he was born in Toulouse .

Gardel would always when asked about his nationality, replied: "I was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on two-and-a-six-month age ..." so the real answer is that Gardel ever would have dodged, not shame his mother due to the fact that the father was illegal.

In his biography about Gardel "Carlos Gardel, La Biografía" gives the Argentine author Fernando Esteves proofs for the fact that the father was Paul Jean Lasserre, a mechanical engineer who was a friend with Berthe when she worked in his mother's hat shop. Lagman, however, married another woman just after Gardels birth and instead, he sporadically attended the education of Gardel. Though he would have paid for the travel of Gardels mother to South America, at its request. He has also tried to build a bond with Gardel in Argentina, but when this was Gardel wanted there none of it and has made him never want to meet. His alleged father died of hepatitis in 1921.


  • Flor de Durazno (1917) (silent) Gardels first film. Francisco Defilippis Novoa was the Director. The film was made in collaboration with Celestino Petray. [7]
  • Luces de Buenos Aires (1931) (filmed in Paris)
  • Esperame (1933)
  • La Casa es seria (1933)
  • Melodía de Arrabal (1933)
  • Cuesta abajo (1934)
  • El Tango and Broadway (1934)
  • El Día que me quieras (1935)
  • Cazadores de estrellas (1935)
  • Tango Bar (1935)
  • Gardel 2008
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