The clarinet was invented around 1733. We don't know who invented it. Clarinets were based on an instrument called the chalumeau.
The clarinet is popular in many genres, but mainly are used in klezmer and jazz.
Types of Clarinet
BBB♭ octocontrabass clarinet
EEE♭ octocontra-alto clarinet
A♭ clarinet (piccolo clarinet)
Clarinet Construction and Components