Jambalaya (On the Bayou) is the title of a countrysong, written by Hank Williams, who scored a big hit with it in 1952. The title refers to the Creole and Cajun-rice dishjambalaya. The melody to a French-speaking Cajun borrowed Williams song, "Grand Texas", from 1948 by the Cajun group Chuck Guillory & The Rhythm Boys, with vocals from "Papa" Cairo. Williams made a number of with a new English text, punctuated with references to the Cajun culture in Louisiana including the Cajun dishescrawfish pieand filé gumbo. To some sources claim would Moon Mullican (mee) have written the text, but Williams was on the plate as sole author mentioned .
Hank Williams recorded the song on June 13, 1952 in Nashville on. the MGM Records single, K11283, came on July 19, and quickly became a big hit. The b-side was the song "Window Shopping". On september 6, the single reached the top of Billboard's Top C & W Songs, and stayed there for 14 weeks. The song was also a crossover hit, it climbed to number 20 in the Billboard pop charts. Williams had already released seven boards that were sold more than one million times; "Jambalaya" was his eighth millionseller.
The carpenters released their version on the LP in 1973 Now and Then. It was released as a single outside of the United States. It was one of their biggest hits; in 1974 it reached number 3 in the Dutch Top 40.