Marilyn Monroe pseudonym of Norma Jean Mortenson; Church baptismal name: Norma Jean Baker, (Los Angeles, June 1, 1926 – died August 5, 1962), was an American actress and singer. She was as a sex symbol icon in the 1950s.
Content[edit | edit source]
- 2 Speculations
- 3 Quotes
- 4 Filmography
- 5 external links
Life Course[Edit][edit | edit source]
Young years[Edit][edit | edit source]
Marilyn Monroe had a difficult childhood. Her mother was Gladys Pearl Monroe, Mortenson, born previously married with John Baker. Norma Jeans mother allowed still to call him Gladys Baker and left Sasha Norma Jean also baptize with this surname. Gladys Baker was admittedly in 1924 married to Martin e. Mortensen, but they all lived separated for Gladys became pregnant.  Probably was Norma Jeans father Charles Stanley Gifford.  Gifford and Gladys Baker both worked in the cutting of RKO Picturesstudio, where Baker Giffords was subordinate. Gladys Baker was a drug addict and left the education of Monroe over to her friends Albert and Ida Bolender. When Baker after a long time with her daughter went to live in an old Shack, she got a nervous breakdown which makes them completely on hollow slapped (according to eye-witnesses would they climbed on the roof and have cried together as the entire neighborhood). Monroe is thereby in the family of Grace McKee (later Goddard) posted.Monroe would never build a good relationship with her mother. In a later interview she said about her mother: "To me, she was just that red-haired woman." ("To me she was just that red-haired woman.")
In 1942 should McKees man for his work to the East coast of the United States. It is for the couple to the 16-year-old Monroe still too expensive to maintain. The young girl has two choices: back to the orphanage or marry. They chose the latter and married on 19 June 1942 with her 21-year-old boy next door James Dougherty. While Dougherty was in the army, did Monroe in a photographer's request to pose for nude photos.When Dougherty returned, he could no longer keep her home and the couple separated on 13 september 1946. Dougherty married twice more. He died in 2005.
Actress[Edit][edit | edit source]
In the years to come then tried Monroe in Hollywood. They got under the name Marilyn Monroe a contract at a film society, but outside of one small supporting role, which was killed in the editing room, this remained without success. A contract with a company at the time was often an institutionalized form of prostitution: the ' actresses ' film with the relations of the bosses were allowed to eat.
She worked in the meantime to her attitude, took acting and singing lessons, blondeerde her hair and left her teeth review. They gradually made name as dimwitted, an image that they consciously cultivated. Her first major role was in How to Marry a Millionaire. She had great success in Gentlemen Prefer Blondeswith Jane Russell and, in addition to The Seven Year Itch, in which the famous shot is with the swirling dress. Her last project was something's Got To Give, an unfinished film along with Dean Martin. If the movie was completed, she was the first actress who did a nude scene in a movie.
Monroes marriage to baseball player Joe DiMaggio, whom she married on January 14, 1954, lasted only 7 months (until 27 October 1954), however, they went like good friends apart. DiMaggio brought after Monroe's death in 1962 for 20 years fresh roses to her grave three times a week.
Arthur Miller[Edit][edit | edit source]
At the end of the 1950s she founded her own production house, and moved to New York. She took classes at The Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio, and got a relationship with playwright Arthur Miller with whom she married on 29 June 1956 . They wanted to deepen and more serious role play. In England, she made The Prince and The showgirlwith Laurence Olivier. The film was a flop, but was afterwards found to be not bad at all. Many find that her best film Some Like It Hot was, opposite Jack Lemmon and Tony Curtis, although they also got good responses for her performance in Bus Stop .
Miller wrote for her the script of The Misfits, in which she played opposite Clark Gable and Montgomery Clift, two Hollywood legends. The recordings were a hell, because they took place in the Nevada desert, far from civilization. Monroe rehearsed until late at night with her personal coach Paula Strasberg the text for the next day. Along with her alcohol and drug use led to frequent late or simply not show up. Halfway through the shooting sent the Director John Huston, who also called a SIP OIR was on the menu and sometimes fell asleep during the shooting, her to a clinic to get rid of her addiction. The last shots are filmed in soft outline lens to mask the traces of the addiction.
Miller met while the images the photographer Inge Morath. This led to the separation of Monroe on January 20, 1961.
Monroe then worked still participated in recordings for something's Got to Give, a project by the studio was shut down because they almost never on the set came.Her mental health problems, partly inherited from her mother, worsened by her chronic drug use.
On 5 August 1962 , she was found dead by the housekeeper Eunice Murray in her home in Brentwood, California. At the autopsy on the body of Marilyn Monroe was eight milligrams of the drug chloral hydrate and 4.5 milligrams of the drug Nembutal in her body found, and Dr. Theodore j. Curphey of The Los Angeles County coroner's Office said in a press conference that the cause of death was "acute barbiturate poisoning", because of a "probable suicide".
Speculations[Edit][edit | edit source]
There is much speculation in the media about a possible relationship between Monroe and president Kennedy. With us president John f. Kennedy , she would have had an affair according to these rumors, but after he was fed up with her, it would have carried her over to his brother Bobby Kennedy. When this hair would have dropped, Monroe would have gone through the Ribbon, and an attempt at blackmail have done.
Evidence for the relationship and another cause of death than suicide, however, is never found.
There are reasons for the emergence of these rumors. The general public was ignorant of the drug use in the 1960s by Monroe. Therefore, her death came unexpectedly for outsiders. That gave then also includes diet to speculation about the cause of death. Also the occurrence of Monroe on a birthday of president Kennedy, they sang in May 1962 on a strikingly sultry way Happy Birthday to the president, gave food to the above speculation afterwards.
Finally went here to two icons of the early 1960s that all two on an unexpected and enigmatic way, came to their end for the popular press good for many juicy stories.
There are also serious book publications about this connection appeared. Three books by famous investigative journalists on these matters are:
- HERSH, Seymour H. (1997), The Dark Side of Camelot. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
- WOLFE, Donald h. (1998), The Assassination or Marilyn Monroe. London: Little, Brown and Company.
- HEYMAN, David c. (1998), JFK. A Candid Biography. New York: E.P. Dutton.
An overview of theories around Monroes death gives the Autopsy Report .
Quotes[Edit][edit | edit source]
Some famous quotes from Marilyn Monroe
- "I've been on a calendar, but never on time."
- "An actress is not a machine, but they treat you like a machine. A money machine. "
- "That's the trouble, a sex symbol becomes a thing. But if I'm going to be a symbol of something, I'd rather have it sex than some other things we've got symbols or. "
- "It's not true that I had nothing on. I had the radio on. "
- "Sex is part of nature. I go along with nature. "
- "I don't mind making jokes, but I don't want to look like one."
- "No one ever told me I was pretty when I was a little girl. All little girls should be told they are pretty, even if they aren't. "
- "I want to grow old without facelifts. I want to have the courage to be loyal to the face I have made. "
- "I knew I belonged to the public and to the world, not because I was talented or even beautiful, but because I had never belonged to anything or anyone else."
- "I don't mind living in a men's world, as long as I can be a woman in it."
- "A smart girl leaves before she's left."
- "Just because you fail at once, doesn't mean you're gonna fail at everything."
- "I'm selfish, impatient, and a little insecure. I make mistakes, I'm out of control, and at times hard to handle. But if you can't handle me at my worst, then you sure as hell don't deserve me at my best. "
Filmography[Edit][edit | edit source]
- The Shocking Miss Pilgrim 1947 ; role: Telephone Operator; genre: Comedy
- 1947 Dangerous Years; role: Evie; genre: drama
- 1948 Scudda Hoo! Scudda Hay!; role: girl in kano and Church; genre: comedy/drama/romance
- 1948 Ladies of the Chorus; role: Peggy Martin; genre: musical
- 1948 Green Grass of Wyoming; role: Extra at Square Dance; genre: drama/family/western
- 1949 Love Happy; role: Grunion's Client; genre: Comedy
- 1950 A Ticket to Tomahawk; Clara; genre: comedy/western
- 1950 The Asphalt Jungle; role: Angela Phinlay; genre: crime/film noir/drama
- 1950 The Fireball; role: Polly; genre: drama
- All About Eve1950; role: Miss Caswell; genre: drama
- 1950 Right Cross; role: Dusky Ledoux; genre: drama
- 1951 As Young as You Feel; role: Harriet; genre: Comedy
- 1951 Love Nest; role: Roberta Stevens; genre: comedy-drama
- 1951 Let's Make It Legal; role: Joyce mannering; genre: comedy/drama/romance
- 1952 Clash by Night; role: Peggy; genre: drama/film noir
- 1952 Home Town Story; role: Iris Martin; genre: drama
- 1952 we're Not Married!; role: Annabel Jones Norris; genre: romantic comedy
- Don't Bother to Knock1952; role: Nell Forbes; genre: drama/thriller
- 1952 Monkey Business; role: Miss Lois Laurel; genre: Comedy/science fiction
- 1952 o. Henry's Full House; role: Street prostitute (The Cop and the Anthem); genre: drama
- 1953 Niagara; role: Rose Loomis; genre: drama/film noir/thriller
- 1953 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes; role: Lorelei Lee; genre: comedy/drama/musical
- 1953 How to Marry a Millionaire; role: Pola Debevoise; genre: comedy/drama/romance
- 1954 River of No Return; role: Kay Weston; genre: adventure/western
- 1954 there's No Business Like show business (film); role: Vicky Hoffman/Vicky Parker; genre: musical/drama
- 1955 The Seven Year Itch; role: The Girl; genre: romantic comedy
- Bus Stop 1956 ; role: Cherie; genre: comedy/drama/romance
- 1957 The Prince and The showgirl; role: Elsie Marina; genre: romantic comedy
- 1959 Some Like It Hot; role: Sugar Kane Kowalczyk; genre: comedy/crime/music/romance/thriller
- Let's Make Love 1960 ; role: Amanda Dell; genre: Comedy/musical/romance
- The Misfits 1961 ; role: Roslyn Taber; genre: drama/romance/western
- 1962 something's Got to Give; role: Ellen Wagstaff Arden; partly completed remake of My Favorite Wife