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The Bee Gees were a pop music group that was formed in 1958. The group's line-up consisted of brothers Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. The trio were successful for most of their decades of recording music, but they had two distinct periods of exceptional success: as a rock act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and as prominent performers of the disco music era in the late 1970s. The group sang recognisable three-part tight harmonies; Robin's clear vibrato lead vocals were a hallmark of their earlier hits, while Barry's R&B falsetto became their signature sound during the late 1970s and 1980s. They wrote all of their own hits, as well as writing and producing several major hits for other artists.

Born on the Isle of Man to English parents, the Gibb brothers lived in Chorlton, Manchester, England, until the late 1950s, and formed The Rattlesnakes. The family then moved to Redcliffe, in Queensland, Australia, and then to Cribb Island. After achieving their first chart success in Australia as the Bee Gees with "Spicks and Specks" (their 12th single), they returned to the UK in January 1967 where producer Robert Stigwood began promoting them to a worldwide audience.

The Bee Gees have sold more than 120 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling music artists of all time.[1] They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997;[2] the presenter of the award to "Britain's first family of harmony" was Brian Wilson, historical leader of the Beach Boys, a "family act" also featuring three harmonising brothers.[3] The Bee Gees' Hall of Fame citation says "Only Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks and Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees."[4]

Following Maurice's death in January 2003, Barry and Robin retired the group's name after 45 years of activity. In 2009 Robin announced that he and Barry had agreed that the Bee Gees would re-form and perform again.[5] Robin died in May 2012 after a prolonged struggle with cancer.[6]

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  1. Music Blog, The L.A. Times (20 May 2012). "Robin Gibb dead: Bee Gees singer, 62, had battled cancer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  2. The Bee Gees biography. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum (1997). Retrieved on May 28, 2012.
  3. The Beach Boys. Reason to Rock. Retrieved on October 25, 2010.
  4. Bee Gees. Inductees. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum (1997). Archived from the original on 16 June 2005. Retrieved on September 27, 2013.
  5. Michaels, Sean (8 September 2009). "Bee Gees to re-form for live comeback". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 September 2009.
  6. "Robin Gibb, Bee Gees Co-Founder, Dead at 62". 20 May 2012.