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"Windowlicker" is a song by British electronic music artist Richard D. James (Aphex Twin), released as a single in 1999 on Warp Records. The single peaked at #16 on the UK Singles Chart, becoming his highest-charting song. The song was later voted, by fans, as Warp Records' most popular song, for its Warp20 compilation.

The artwork for the single was created by Chris Cunningham, with additional work by The Designers Republic. Cunningham also directed the song's music video.


 [hide*1 Background


[1][2]The spiral at the end of "Windowlicker"

"Windowlicker" consists of James' voice modulated on computer, mixed with his trademark breakbeat snare rushes, drum samples, and mixedchoir-like singing, resulting in a smooth yet erratic song with the last minute of the track escalating into an extremely distorted wall of bass. Also included is a sample of James' French then-girlfriend speaking in her native tongue saying either J'aime faire des croquettes au chien (translating to "I like to make dog nuggets") or J'aime faire des cracottes au chien (translating to "I like to make dog cracottes [crisp breads]").

Hidden images[edit][]

A spectrogram of "Windowlicker" reveals a spiral at the end of the song. This spiral is more impressive when viewed with an X-Y scatter graph, X and Y being the amplitudes of the L and R channels, which shows expanding and contracting concentric circles and spirals.

The effect was achieved through use of the Mac-based program MetaSynth.[1] This program allows the user to insert a digital image as the spectrogram. MetaSynth will then convert the spectrogram to digital sound and "play" the picture. According to an article on the website Wired News, photographs run through the program tend to produce "a kind of discordant, metallic scratching".[2]

A logarithmic spectrogram of ΔMi−1 = −αΣn=1NDi[n][Σj∈C[i]Fji[n − 1] +Fexti[[n−1]] (commonly known as 'Equation') reveals a portrait of a face near the end of the track, believed to be a photograph of James himself which features his trademark grin.[3]

It is one of a few instances of musicians "embedding" images into their music. British band Plaid embedded a series of interlocked 3's into their song "3 Recurring" from their album Rest Proof Clockwork;[citation needed] Canadian breakcore producer Venetian Snares embedded several images of his cats into his song "Look" from Songs About My Cats;[citation needed] industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails embedded an image of "The Presence" into two songs from their album Year Zero, "The Warning" and "My Violent Heart."[4]

Single release[edit][]

The "Windowlicker" single contains its titular track and two B-sides. Track two, commonly known as "[Formula]"[5] or "[Equation]" due to its actual title being a complex mathematical formula ("ΔMi−1 = −αΣn=1NDi[n][Σj∈C[i]Fji[n − 1] +Fexti[[n−1]]"), has a very experimental sound. Track three, "Nannou", dedicated to his then-girlfriend, is made up of wind-up music box samples.


Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic [6]

"Windowlicker" received positive reviews from critics. Allmusic gave the single 4 out of a maximum 5 stars.[7] The single was named NME's Single of the Year 1999 in its year-end charts. James sent NME the following missive in acceptance:

Smart! Thank you very much for voting for my track/s. I've had a very good year as usual, although it was very intense, getting on a really big roll, writing new stuff constantly, really looking forward to isolating myself next year even more! Hope everyone has a totally boring New Year's party, overdoses on everything and chokes on their own vomit on the bathroom floor, make sure you lie face down just before you pass out! Signed, Pritchad.g.kraymes.

In September 2010, Pitchfork Media included the song at number 12 on their list Top 200 Tracks of the 90s.[8]

Music video[edit][]

The music video for "Windowlicker" was directed by Chris Cunningham, who had also directed Aphex Twin's previous music video, "Come to Daddy". It is a ten-minute long parody of contemporary American gangsta hip-hop music videos. In the video, two foul-mouthed young men (a Latino and an African American) in Los Angeles are window shopping for women (referred to in the end credits as "hoochies"); the French term for window shopping is faire du lèche-vitrine, which literally translates to "licking the windows". Suddenly, a ridiculously long white limousine (38 windows in length, including driver's window, which takes 20 seconds to fully display) crashes into the two men's black Mazda Miata NA (MX5) convertible, and a "pimped-out" Richard D. James, displaying a surreal amount of wealth and power, emerges with his signature fixed grin. The two women, among others, accompany James in his limousine while their faces morph into James' own likeness, and are later joined by a woman with a horrifically ugly, buck-toothed, deformed face, which is a likeness of a sketch by Swiss artist H. R. Giger titled "The Windowlickers".[9]

The cast for the dialogue intro of the clip are Marcus Morris, Gary Cruz, Marcy Turner and Chiquita Martin.[10] Filming was done in the Los Angeles area. The locations are as follows:

  • Intro sequence – East 1st Street (bridge over railroad tracks)
  • Aphex Twin dance sequence – Corner of Ducommun Street and North Vignes Street
  • Limo ride externals – Beverly Boulevard
  • Final dance sequence – Santa Monica Beach (Barnard Way and Ocean Park Boulevard)

There are 127 uses of profanity in the dialogue segment of the video (which is under 4 minutes), including 44 uses of the word fuck. This averages to more than one use of profanity every two seconds. The video was released as a VHS single, containing both uncut and censored versions (the latter being referred to as the "Bleep Version").[5] It was also nominated for the Best Video award at the BRIT Awards 2000, alongside videos by SupergrassThe Chemical BrothersFatboy Slim, and eventual winner Robbie Williams.

The full "Windowlicker" video is restricted to being broadcast only during the nighttime on most music television channels. A bleeped-out version of the video exists, and MTV Two even made a daytime version, with all the opening dialogue removed (the censored version starts with the arrival of the limousine) and some of the video's more shocking images are also removed. In 2008, MTV Networks Europe was fined by media regulator Ofcom for several breaches of its broadcasting code, including airing the uncensored version of the "Windowlicker" video before the 9pm watershed.[11]

Track listing[edit][]

All tracks written, produced and engineered by Richard D. James. The original single was released on 12-inch, two separate CDs, a special edition Japanese CD and VHS.

CD1 and 12-inch vinyl[edit][]

No. Title Length
1. "Windowlicker"   6:07
2. "" (commonly referred to as "[Equation]" or "[Formula]") 5:43
3. "Nannou"   4:13
Total length: 16:03


No. Title Length
1. "Windowlicker" (original demo) 2:37
  • The "Windowlicker" video is also included in QuickTime format.

Japanese version[edit][]

No. Title Length
1. "Windowlicker"   6:04
2. ""   5:43
3. "Nannou"   4:22
4. "Windowlicker" (demo version) 1:57
5. "Windowlicker" (end-roll version) 1:07
Total length: 19:13

Remixes and samples[edit][]

A remix of "Windowlicker" in the acid techno style, entitled "Windowlicker, Acid Edit", is available on the remix compilation 26 Mixes for Cash. Another remix of "Windowlicker", entitled "WINDuckyQuaCKer", appears on V/VM'sHelpAphexTwin/1.0 (2001)[12] and HelpAphexTwin 4.0 (2003).[13] A remix entitled "it's a richJAMs World" appears on V/VM's HelpAphexTwin 4.0 (2003).[13] Run Jeremy (an alias of Danish producer Anders Trentemøller) also made his own remix of "Windowlicker".

Miss Kittin performed Run Jeremy's remix of "Windowlicker live" at the Sónar festival and included it on her album Live at Sónar.[14] Elements of "Windowlicker", including its heavily distorted outro, were sampled by American musicianGirl Talk on his track "Get It Get It", from his 2010 album All Day.[15]

Samples of "ΔMi⁻¹ = −αΣn=1NDi[n][Σj∈C[i]Fji[n − 1] + Fextin⁻¹" can be heard on the song "54 Cymru Beats" from Aphex Twin's 2001 album Drukqs.

Use in media[edit][]

"Windowlicker" was featured in the 2006 film Grandma's Boy and in several episodes of the BBC motoring series Top Gear. A version of "Windowlicker" is used in the Voyage mode of Lumines Electronic Symphony, and another is used in the Dior Haute Couture A/W 2012 runway show.

The "Windowlicker"-cover was featured in the 1999 movie High Fidelity.[16]

Windowlicker also is part of the Grand Theft Auto V soundtrack, and appears on Flylo FM.